Introduction to unconventional warfare US-style

Think Syria

INTRODUCTION TO UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE  1-1. The intent of U.S. UW efforts is to explo it a hostile power’s political, military, economic, and  psychological vulnerabilities by devel oping and sustaining resi stance forces to accomplish U.S. strategic  objectives. Historically, the military  concept for the employment of  UW was primarily in support of  resistance movements during general-war scenarios.  While this concept remains valid, the operational  environment since the end of World War II has increasingly required U.S. forces to conduct UW in  scenarios short of general war (limited war).

1-2. Enabling a resistance movement or insurgency entails the development of an underground and  guerrilla forces, as well as supporting auxiliaries for each of these elements. Resistance movements or  insurgencies always have an underground element. The armed component of these groups is the guerrilla  force and is only present if the resistance transitions to conflict. The combined effects of two interrelated  lines of effort largely generate the end result of  a UW campaign. The efforts are armed conflict and  subversion. Forces conduct armed conflict, normally in  the form of guerrilla warfare, against the security  apparatus of the host nation (HN) or occupying military. Conflict also includes operations that attack and  degrade enemy morale, organizational cohesion, and operational effectiveness and separate the enemy from  the population. Over time, these attacks degrade the ability of the HN  or occupying military to project  military power and exert control over the population.  Subversion undermines the power of the government  or occupying element by portraying it as incapable of effective governance to the population.



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