‘Holocaust’ Survivor’s Trauma is Inherited.

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Study of Holocaust survivors finds trauma passed on to children’s genes

New finding is first example in humans of the theory of epigenetic inheritance: the idea that environmental factors can affect the genes of your children
The team’s work is the clearest sign yet that life experience can affect the genes of subsequent generations.
The team’s work is the clearest sign yet that life experience can affect the genes of subsequent generations.

 

Helen Thomson  The Guardian ‘HolocaustFriday 21 August 2015 18.40 BST
Last modified on Saturday 22 August 2015 01.25 BST
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/aug/21/study-of-holocaust-survivors-finds-trauma-passed-on-to-childrens-genes#comment-57982965
Genetic changes stemming from the trauma suffered by Holocaust survivors are capable of being passed on to their children, the clearest sign yet that one person’s life experience can affect subsequent generations.

The conclusion from a research team at New York’s Mount Sinai hospital led by Rachel Yehuda stems from the genetic study of 32 Jewish men and women who had either been interned in a Nazi concentration camp, witnessed or experienced torture or who had had to hide during the second world war.

They also analysed the genes of their children, who are known to have increased likelihood of stress disorders, and compared the results with Jewish families who were living outside of Europe during the war. “The gene changes in the children could only be attributed to Holocaust exposure in the parents,” said Yehuda.

Her team’s work is the clearest example in humans of the transmission of trauma to a child via what is called “epigenetic inheritance” – the idea that environmental influences such as smoking, diet and stress can affect the genes of your children and possibly even grandchildren.

The idea is controversial, as scientific convention states that genes contained in DNA are the only way to transmit biological information between generations. However, our genes are modified by the environment all the time, through chemical tags that attach themselves to our DNA, switching genes on and off. Recent studies suggest that some of these tags might somehow be passed through generations, meaning our environment could have and impact on our children’s health.

Other studies have proposed a more tentative connection between one generation’s experience and the next. For example, girls born to Dutch women who were pregnant during a severe famine at the end of the second world war had an above-average risk of developing schizophrenia. Likewise, another study has showed that men who smoked before puberty fathered heavier sons than those who smoked after.

The team were specifically interested in one region of a gene associated with the regulation of stress hormones, which is known to be affected by trauma. “It makes sense to look at this gene,” said Yehuda. “If there’s a transmitted effect of trauma, it would be in a stress-related gene that shapes the way we cope with our environment.”

They found epigenetic tags on the very same part of this gene in both the Holocaust survivors and their offspring, the same correlation was not found in any of the control group and their children.

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Children in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Photograph: Imagno/Getty Images

Through further genetic analysis, the team ruled out the possibility that the epigenetic changes were a result of trauma that the children had experienced themselves.

“To our knowledge, this provides the first demonstration of transmission of pre-conception stress effects resulting in epigenetic changes in both the exposed parents and their offspring in humans,” said Yehuda, whose work was published in Biological Psychiatry.

It’s still not clear how these tags might be passed from parent to child. Genetic information in sperm and eggs is not supposed to be affected by the environment – any epigenetic tags on DNA had been thought to be wiped clean soon after fertilisation occurs.

However, research by Azim Surani at Cambridge University and colleagues, has recently shown that some epigenetic tags escape the cleaning process at fertilisation, slipping through the net. It’s not clear whether the gene changes found in the study would permanently affect the children’s health, nor do the results upend any of our theories of evolution.

Whether the gene in question is switched on or off could have a tremendous impact on how much stress hormone is made and how we cope with stress, said Yehuda. “It’s a lot to wrap our heads around. It’s certainly an opportunity to learn a lot of important things about how we adapt to our environment and how we might pass on environmental resilience.”

The impact of Holocaust survival on the next generation has been investigated for years – the challenge has been to show intergenerational effects are not just transmitted by social influences from the parents or regular genetic inheritance, said Marcus Pembrey, emeritus professor of paediatric genetics at University College London.

“Yehuda’s paper makes some useful progress. What we’re getting here is the very beginnings of a understanding of how one generation responds to the experiences of the previous generation. It’s fine-tuning the way your genes respond to the world.”
Can you inherit a memory of trauma?

Researchers have already shown that certain fears might be inherited through generations, at least in animals.

Scientists at Emory University in Atlanta trained male mice to fear the smell of cherry blossom by pairing the smell with a small electric shock. Eventually the mice shuddered at the smell even when it was delivered on its own.

Despite never having encountered the smell of cherry blossom, the offspring of these mice had the same fearful response to the smell – shuddering when they came in contact with it. So too did some of their own offspring.

On the other hand, offspring of mice that had been conditioned to fear another smell, or mice who’d had no such conditioning had no fear of cherry blossom.

The fearful mice produced sperm which had fewer epigenetic tags on the gene responsible for producing receptors that sense cherry blossom. The pups themselves had an increased number of cherry blossom smell receptors in their brain, although how this led to them associating the smell with fear is still a mystery.

 

[The comments following the article are even more interesting – some quite surprising for The Guardian -J]

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22 Responses to “‘Holocaust’ Survivor’s Trauma is Inherited.”

  1. Steve says:

    Specialness, Specialness,
    The greatest gift that they possess
    No need for thanks that they’ve been blessed
    With more than their share of specialness

    • sovereigntea says:

      In any scientific study it would be impossible to separate any genetic effects with that of learned bias due to holocaust propaganda and constant cultural re-enforcement of holocaust fear.

      The author appears to be guilty of
      sophistry –

      : the use of reasoning or arguments that sound correct but are actually false

      • sovereigntea says:

        LOL Quack science at its best. Note the lack of intellectual curiosity in this statement.

        According to the “expert” – “The gene changes in the children could only be attributed to Holocaust exposure in the parents,” said Yehuda.

        This is re-enforced by Marcus Pembrey who is a clinical geneticist at the Institute of Child Health in London with a particular interest in epigenetics and the possible inheritance of acquired characteristics. He calls himself, controversially, a ‘Neo-Lamarckian’ and featured in a 2005 ‘Horizon’ program on BBC television called ‘the Ghost in Your Genes'[1].

        What do other boffins say about Lamarckism ?

        Martin Gardner wrote in his book Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science:

        A host of experiments have been designed to test Lamarckianism. All that have been verified have proved negative. On the other hand, tens of thousands of experiments— reported in the journals and carefully checked and rechecked by geneticists throughout the world— have established the correctness of the gene-mutation theory beyond all reasonable doubt… In spite of the rapidly increasing evidence for natural selection, Lamarck has never ceased to have loyal followers…. There is indeed a strong emotional appeal in the thought that every little effort an animal puts forth is somehow transmitted to his progeny.[76]

        Peter Medawar (1985) wrote regarding Lamarckism “very few professional biologists believe that anything of the kind occurs — or can occur — but the notion persists for a variety of nonscientific reasons.”

        A form of Lamarckism was revived in the Soviet Union of the 1930s when Trofim Lysenko promoted Lysenkoism which suited the ideological opposition of Joseph Stalin to genetics. This ideologically driven research influenced Soviet agricultural policy which in turn was later blamed for crop failures.[12]

      • WASP says:

        I would say you are totally correct, on that.

        Theories built on a false premise, illustrates these pseudo theories which eventually get passed off as scientifically proven fact.

        Where have I heard that before, Ahhh yes Global Warming, morphed Climate Change Believed by Puppets & Pillocks, & lets not forget, that includes those known as MP’s by many, others have far more choice names for them.
        I could go on.

        anon… anon… anon…..++++

    • kingel says:

      Shittites, rather than “Chosenites”, imho !

  2. Lynn says:

    Brainwashed and circumscised. And on and on. It is learned behaviour. Nothing to do with DNA.

  3. Nike says:

    THE REAL HOLOCAUSTS (Jewish Bolshevik “Russian Revolution“, WWI, WWII, never ending war ever since)

     “We must turn Russia into a desert populated by white negroes upon whom we shall impose a tyranny such as the most terrible Eastern despots never dreamt of. The only difference is that this will be a left-wing tyranny, not a right-wing tyranny. It will be a red tyranny and not a white one. We mean the word ‘red’ literally, because we shall shed such floods of blood as will make all the human losses suffered in the capitalist wars pale by comparison. The biggest bankers across the ocean will work in the closest possible contact with us. If we win the revolution, we shall establish the power of Zionism upon the wreckage of the revolution’s funeral, and we shall become a power before which the whole world will sink to its knees. We shall show what real power is. By means of terror and bloodbaths, we shall reduce the Russian intelligentsia to a state of complete stupefaction and idiocy and to an animal existence.” –

    Trotsky (Bronstein) quote (1917) from the ‘Memoirs of Aron Simanovich’, quoted in The Nature of Zionism by Vladimir Stepin, Moscow, 1993, and translated from Russian into English by Clive Lindhurst

    There are many extreme propaganda lies made about the German people. We are just the opposite of all the lies. The (Zionist Jewish) Communist Manifesto goes like this:”Accuse others of what you do to them.”

    The Germans, the Russians and ordinary orthodox Jews were the victims, supremacist, racist Zionist (Khasarian Ashkenazi) Jews the victimizers.

    Due to an incessant ferocious Zionist propaganda (dayin and dayout for 70 years) most people grow up believing Germans are evil and don’t doubt anything about the “holocaust” – the magic number of alleged 6 million jews allegedly gassed in gas chambers, the dead corpses burnt in ovens.

    For most of my life I believed in the narrative that the “obviousness“ of the holocaust had been proven by indisputable evidence; but that’s lies.The official narrative about the holocaust is a myriad of lies, the holohoax is BIG BUSINESS by extortion, by way of planting false guilt.The real numbers show approx. 273.000 who died in concentration camps and this includes jews, homos, gypsies, socialists, etc. There were no gas chambers for deliberately killing jews. The fake one in Auschwitz (along with other building alterations) was built AFTER WWII by Poles and Russians.

    Horrific propaganda lies from the Zionists, who needed the support of world jewry, in order to succeed with their Middle East project of stealing Palestine from the Palestinians, and even wider plans: “Greater Israel“ extending from Euphrates to Nile. They intend to devour Lebanon, parts of Syria, Iraq and Egypt!
    The British (and the Americans) should refrain from their Deal with the Devil (1917 Balfour Declaration) and its aftermath (endless Zionist wars of terror and destruction).

    Read the Babylonian Talmud (and Black magic of Cabbalah) to understand why the Zionist Parasites are such demented Savages. Why under Zionist Rule we have Talmudic law (perversions of all kinds) overriding everything decent and just.

    Prove me wrong.

  4. Nike says:

    Yes, surely I’m a holocaust survivor too.
    The holocaust on the German people.
    My German mother survived the horrors and ingrained the memories into me (born after the war).

    The Holocaust (as a “singular, worst crime in human history“), as many seem already to know, is a massive criminal fraud. The Germans and the Russians were the biggest victims of the wars (WWI + II), BY FAR, insofar as losses relative to their population. And the vast majority of those German losses in WW II were AFTER the cease fire (not “peace treaty” there wasn’t one). A million or so in Eisenhower’s death camps where German soldiers were starved to death on the bare ground without even tents, at least 5 million civilians starved to death from the Allies stealing the German food stores and then not allowing the people enough calories to live on, at least 3 million (of 14 million) refugees expelled from their homes in the eastern parts of the country, brutally murdered in the course of being expelled from their ancestral homelands. Not to mention the well over 2 million German women and girls who were raped. All for losing a DEFENSIVE war that was forced on them by the ZIONIST Jewish-controlled Allied “good guys.” (out of envy and greed for power).

    People use the phrase a lot “No peace without justice.” Well, “No justice without truth” is equally true. Plenty of information is available on the Internet. You won’t find it in book stores, because of who controls them. If you are interested, and want help finding sites, you can go to

    http://historicalexactitude.blogspot.com

    and click on some of the Revisionist History links there. You can find the truth if you are prepared to search for it.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ba9QTLofiBg

    Holocaust – Antisemitism Tricks

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=itmiffGBHoE

    Judea* Declares War on Germany March 24, 1933
    *Zionists who claim to speak for world jewry

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BvRvNZo5Gk

    Ursula Haverbeck “The Greatest Problem of Our Time” w/ English Subtitles

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCvblLcz0-E

    Breaking the Spell

  5. Lynn says:

    Evil vile murderous Zionists. Well the sympathy card has expired. Anyone who is interested in truth and human suffering, will be going after them.

  6. sovereigntea says:

    Friends by unrighteous Mammon

    Kezerashvili’s rise to power in Georgia was fuelled by two things. The first was his drug addiction, for which he was famous even before he went up to university. Like many another spoilt kid he thought her could get away with buying and selling what he was using because his influential friends and customers wouldn’t want their own deeds exposed. After returning from Israeli, where he had to escape so to avoid a prison sentence, one of his new customers became Mikhail Saakashvili, the new President of Georgia; this strategy proved to be inspired.

    The second was his dual citizenship of Israel thanks to some Jewish roots. The Jewish state, friendless in its region after it was imposed upon it after World War Two, has been obliged to become one of the most militaristic in the world, and still deals with many European countries in its weapons through various defence agreements. Israel pays for these through exporting its own weapons, including cluster bombs and will continue to do so.

    Any new government anywhere represents a potential new market for vital Israeli and Serbian arms sales, particularly as most of them are illegal and need the security of some sort of state protection. Kezerashvili exploited this connection to the full, as a fully paid up member of the Shin Bet intelligence network, and Israeli arms, businesses and “political-military attaches” who had previously shown little interest in Georgia became progressively more visible in Tbilisi during his period in office.

    Weapons and drugs are not exclusively Georgian, Israeli, Jordanian or Eastern European concerns (Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia). As we all know, there is a very sophisticated international trade in these commodities which makes some people very rich and powerful. http://nsnbc.me/2015/08/22/davit-kezerashvili-georgias-most-wanted-walks-free-with-political-impunity/

  7. ian says:

    fill your boots guys, because they won’t tolerate this. I love it but they won’t put up with it. They’ll change the f*****g law. There weren’t any homicidal gas chambers, however, their ears are closed.

  8. Since this is a confirmation of the things I have written in the past on my site, I have reblogged this. Tanks for this. It is a dutch site, sorry.

  9. using possible Tavistock origin very basic tricks, I suspect, though surely these tricks go farther back than that,
    the guardian goes on about a headline ‘debate’ a red herring debate, 2 or 3 lines below the headline topic , the LIE IS INSERTED. The commuter metro newspaper does this every day. Without even checking at companies house just looking thru it in the mornings on the bus I can tell, its jew owned
    The stories have a thread and deliver this distraction headline

    of course, epigenetics, environment, and effects on somatic sperm and egg cells im sure, these things are known. The guardian is of course run by SS people as are other papers
    I cannot see the point of this submission to tapblog (except, if the guardian comments are revealing of an awakening readership, yet wouldn’t they be blocked), as wasmentioned at the end of the post above, I don’t know ive not looked at the guardian article

  10. Driver47 says:

    I wonder if any other scientist other than a jew will do the same test, no, if they do and find that the jew results are bullshit, which I suspect they are then they’ll of course be called holocaust deniers and anti semetic. I’m wondering if I can also claim because my grandfather fought in WW2. Doubt it,

  11. salty says:

    St Albans to recognise Holocaust Memorial Day

    25 January 2016.

    Holocaust Memorial Day service is being held at St Albans Cathedral.

    The Mayor, Cllr Salih Gaygusuz and wife Maureen, will be joined by religious leaders and people from across the community at the event on Wednesday, January 27.

    The service will remember the millions killed in the Holocaust and will also recognise other 20th century genocides, including in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur.

    The theme this year is ‘Don’t Stand By’.

    Cllr Gaygusuz said: “This is one of the most significant events I will attend during my year of office.

    “It is very important that our community recognises Holocaust Memorial Day and all that it represents.

    “I will be very interest to listen to the contribution from the sixth from students from Sandringham School who have taken part in an educational project to learn about the Holocaust.

    “It is vital that knowledge of what happened is passed on from one generation to another so that it is never forgotten.”

    Four Holocaust trust Ambassadors from Sandringham School in St Albans will also join the commemoration.

    The sixth-form students took part in the trust’s Lessons from Auschwitz Project in March 2015, where they visited the Nazi concentration and death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau during a four-part educational programme.

    Also taking part in the commemoration will be Rabbi Daniel Sturgess from the St Albans United Synagogue, Rabbi Rafi Kaiserblueth from the St Albans Masorti Synagogue and The Reverend Canon Richard Watson, Sub-Dean of the Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban.

    http://www.stalbansreview.co.uk/news/14228664.St_Albans_to_recognise_Holocaust_Memorial_Day/?

  12. salty says:

    U.S Congress Wants States To Plan for Aiding Holocaust Survivors

    16 APRIL 2016.

    https://theuglytruth.wordpress.com/2016/04/16/u-s-congress-wants-states-to-plan-for-aiding-holocaust-survivors/

    ——————————————————————————————

    French BDS activists convicted of Holocaust denial

    Two Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) activists were convicted by a Montpellier court for incitement and Holocaust denial and fined 3,000 euros ($3,400), according to the French news site Libération.

    http://www.thetruthseeker.co.uk/?p=131678

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