How British government carried out secret biological warfare tests on London Tube passengers in 1960s during Cold War

  • New research suggests Britons were exposed to chemical tests
  • Biological warfare tests apparently more widespread than once thought
  • Professor Ulf Schmidt said there were secret trials on the Tube in 1964
  • ‘Mock’ chemical warfare tests on thousands of Britons from 1953 to 1964

Scientists were apparently trying to discover whether ‘long distance travel of aerosols’ on London’s transport network ‘was due to transportation within trains’ or through the air ventilation systems, according to The Independent.

Bacillus globigii was not considered harmful at the time, but research over the last decade has revealed it is capable of causing food poisoning, fevers and septicemia.

For the first time, researchers have learned that British military aircraft dropped thousands of kilos of the potentially dangerous zinc cadmium sulphide chemical over several towns including Norwich in Norfolk, Salisbury in Wiltshire and Cardington in Bedfordshire, as well as over the English Channel and North Sea.

Historians had previously thought that such chemical tests in the UK were less extensive but new research has revealed how widespread they were, including the discovery of one of the Tube in the 1960s (pictured)

Historians had previously thought that such chemical tests in the UK were less extensive but new research has revealed how widespread they were, including the discovery of one of the Tube in the 1960s (pictured)

Scientists released large quantities of the bacteria Bacillus globigii - now known to cause food poisoning - on the Underground system in May 1964, in a bid to apparently discover whether 'long distance travel of aerosols' on London's transport network 'was due to transportation within trains' or through the air ventilation systems

Scientists released large quantities of the bacteria Bacillus globigii – now known to cause food poisoning – on the Underground system in May 1964, in a bid to apparently discover whether ‘long distance travel of aerosols’ on London’s transport network ‘was due to transportation within trains’ or through the air ventilation systems

While very little evidence exists on the dangers and health effects of the chemical, which can be easily detected under UV light, it is believed that its use in the 1960s did not cause immediate health problems.

However, researchers state that the ‘worst case’ exposure levels would have given the same health effects as smoking 100 cigarettes – which may ultimately have led to lung disease at a later stage.

Professor Schmidt has revealed the full extent of the chemical warfare trials in a new book called Secret Science, published today.

He has also uncovered how more than 21,000 soldiers were used as ‘guinea pigs’ between 1939 and 1989 after participating in secret experiments.

The military personnel were apparently offered incentives such as free train passes, a day off, or some extra money for being exposed to potentially dangerous chemicals.

Professor Schmidt believes the men were misinformed about the then-unknown consequences of exposure to the chemical and instead thinks they were under the impression that they were taking part in trials to treat common colds.

The Ministry of Defence’s Porton Down research centre on Salisbury Plain has been the subject of much controversy over the years.

In July 1999, an inquiry was opened into the deaths of servicemen allegedly used as ‘guinea pigs’ in secret military chemical warfare tests at the centre.

The men took part in tests during a 30-year period from the 1950s to the 1980s.

A Wiltshire Police investigation into their deaths revealed there was criminal liability arising out of the conduct of some former scientists but it was confirmed in 2006 that there was insufficient evidence to pursue a criminal prosecution.

Many servicemen and women who took part in the tests at Porton Down said they believed they were taking part in experiments to find a cure for the common cold but claimed they were actually exposed to CS gas, mustard gas and hallucinogens such as LSD.

The latest findings on the extent of chemical warfare tests in Britain come after it emerged last year that former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher had considered arming Britain with chemical weapons to counter the Soviet threat during the Cold War.

A group of 100 supporters demonstrating against germ warfare at the government's Porton Down military research facility in Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, which has been at the subject of controversy over the years

A group of 100 supporters demonstrating against germ warfare at the government’s Porton Down military research facility in Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, which has been at the subject of controversy over the years

Secret documents emerged in December which revealed the then prime minister said it was potentially ‘negligent’ not to have them – as intelligence reports suggested the enemy could use chemicals against the West.

Officials believed the Soviets were storing hundreds of thousands of tons of nerve agents, and estimated an attack on a major British airport would leave thousands dead.

In a 1984 memo, Mrs Thatcher’s private secretary, Charles Powell, summarised a meeting in which then defence secretary Michael Heseltine warned the lack of chemical weapons was a ‘major gap’ in Nato’s defences.

‘The defence secretary said that colleagues were aware of the threat posed by the Soviet Union in this file. The absence of an adequate retaliatory capability was a major gap in Nato’s armoury,’ he wrote.

Professor Schmidt’s research has also revealed the vast scale of Cold War chemical warfare tests carried out on ‘volunteer’ British service personnel here in the UK – involving numbers of people much greater than previously thought.

His investigation now suggests that up to 30,000 secret chemical warfare substance experiments were carried out, mainly at Porton Down, on more than 14,000 British soldiers between 1945 and 1989. He believes that, in most cases, the servicemen were not given sufficient information to allow them to give properly informed consent.

Ulf Schmidt’s book, Secret Science, is published today on 9 July, by Oxford University Press.

 

Spreading diseases: ‘Harmless’ proxies

Aircraft, lorries and ships spread 4,600kg of cadmium sulphide in one decade

 

Aircraft, lorries and ships spread 4,600kg of cadmium sulphide in one decadeZinc Cadmium Sulfide ultra-fine particles. This inorganic compound was used by Cold War scientists in the UK and the US as a supposedly harmless proxy to simulate the behaviour, in the lower atmosphere and on the ground, of biological warfare substances. However it is still not known whether particles of ZCS that may have become embedded in people’s lungs for decades could ultimately cause disease.

Bacillus globigii. This bacterium was used as a supposedly harmless proxy to simulate the behaviour, in terms of dispersal and penetration, of biological warfare aerosols. Although not considered harmful when it was used in Cold War field trials, it is now known to be capable of causing fevers, food poisoning (occasionally resulting in death), peritonitis and septicaemia .

Pasteurella pestis (now known as Yersina pestis). Clouds of this highly infections bacterium were dispersed only over areas of sea – but nevertheless very near to Lewis, a Scottish Island with thousands of inhabitants. In order not to infect the islands, it appears that the scientists relied entirely on the wind not changing direction and speed. This bacterium is the one that has caused plague epidemics worldwide in the past (including those of the medieval world’s Black Death).

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis. Clouds of this virus were dispersed over an area of sea close to an uninhabited island in the Bahamas. The virus debilitates or kills horses and donkeys and can also cause severe fever and even death in humans. Mosquitos spread the virus further by biting equines.

G-series nerve agents. Clouds of this chemical warfare weapon  were dispersed during field trials in a small part of southern Nigeria, some miles north of the town of Warri. G-series nerve agents were first developed by the Nazis before and during World War Two. The group includes substances like sarin and attacks the human nervous system, causing loss of bodily function and normally death. Survivors are likely to suffer  long-term neurological damage and psychiatric disorders.

 

Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3154555/How-British-government-carried-secret-biological-warfare-tests-London-Tube-passengers-1960s-Cold-War.html#ixzz3fTkVVudv

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13 Responses to “How British government carried out secret biological warfare tests on London Tube passengers in 1960s during Cold War”

  1. Lynn says:

    Absolute madness ! these people need a wake up call…Humans are not their property and we never will be.

    How do we ever trust these people again. Human Guinea Pigs dying for them. Disgusting !!
    Now what is in the Chemtrails?????

    • pauline says:

      Never mind the chemtrails,what was in all those pea soups smog they used to release in london on all the poor souls who breathed in the foul smelling air?
      I went to school in the 50s and i cant remember any children suffering asthma,we were all healthy and spent lots of time outside playing hockey and other sports ,unlike children today poor little souls who get every illness going,by god these evil bastards who rule today are going all out to kill us all off

    • RabbiT says:

      In 2007 RAF Kinloss carried out an exercise in Angus Scotland leaving a number of circular chemtrails which hung about for most of the day.

      Six weeks later, on new years day, myself and a substantial proportion of the community came down with the most debilitating flu type symptoms ever encountered rendering me unable to work. Clifford Carnicom agreed this was evidence of biological warfare testing given the suggestion of “targeting” with chemtrails laid in a pattern he had never seen before.

    • [Roy Masters prayer meditation downward moving energy down the front of the body. It seems to be working for me]

      https://www.fhu.com/statement-of-belief2.html
      Generally speaking, many non-religious people don’t even recognize there is a spiritual battle going on in their hearts and minds. They often succumb to temptation without even knowing they’ve been tempted. For these lost ones, meditation (or the observation exercise as I also call it) helps promote awareness of this battle. We also often suggest that people meditate quietly on the Lord’s Prayer during this practice of being aware, of being awake and sober, as Romans 12 suggests.

      Hypnosis
      Hypnosis is not healthy; in fact, it is very dangerous. It is the very antithesis of what I teach, since it puts people to sleep. One of the first great realizations that led me to the truth of Christianity came during my years trying to help people as a hypnotist. I soon realized that people didn’t need to be hypnotized, but rather needed to be freed from the hypnotic obsessions and stresses of daily life that kept them from being ever mindful of God.
      http://drlwilson.com/articles/meditation.htm

    • LT: A spiritual warrior is one who RESISTS any and all attempts at the corruption of their mind/soul matrix. A spiritual warrior does not follow the flow of the turbid stream of mediocrity, homogenization and annihilation. A spiritual warrior defends to the bitter end– individuality, humanity, innocence, truth, beauty and decency. This world is in dire need of more people who are willing to go to their grave for these principles. Sadly, way too many abductees and milabs are deluded, cowardly and or narcissistic.

      But yes, there are true spiritual warriors out there, more every year actually. We achieve a great deal when we’re in our astral states–that’s why the perpetrators mess with us so much – as a distraction–among other things. Know this and rejoice in it–our enemies greatly fear us.

      http://www.starshipearththebigpicture.com/2015/07/25/milabs-a-pandoras-box/

    • Santos Bonacci youtube lecture, Must watch must watch if you have time. I have a good feeling about this guy hes blowing the lid off a load of things. Solomon in the Bible = Soul of Man. So many references are actually about our own body. Tissue mineral salts too he discusses. Very clever guy. Apparently hes recently been arrested in Australia held against his will. Hes obviously rubbed TPTB up the wrong way
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWjz9pB70vc&feature=youtu.be

    • ”Tuesday, 25 August 2015

      The necessity for inner strength, direction, motivation: the commensurate growth in power

      In our era, because of the near-ubiquity of corruption, there is need for inner strength, inner direction, inner motivation.

      Our society has been, is increasingly, and to an unprecedented extent – led astray by its leadership class, by the elites – we are almost-continuously and en masse – at work and during leisure – being propagandized, instructed, compelled to have wrong attitudes, false beliefs, and do the wrong things.

      Whereas in the past individuals may be sustained in their convictions by churches; nowadays the largest and most powerful churches are preaching and teaching the same corruption as the mass media, politics, state bureaucracy, the laws and the educational system.

      Luckily, thanks to our divine inheritance as Sons and Daughters of God, we have an inbuilt motivation and guidance system – it can potentially, over time and with some trial and error; discern the truth, can point us in the right direction and provide the necessary energy and courage.

      The good news is that God-within-us can be recognized and accessed and strengthened; the bad news is that most people don’t believe it exists and so will ignore it.”

      http://charltonteaching.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/the-necessity-for-inner-strength.html

    • http://vigilantcitizen.com/moviesandtv/the-hidden-and-not-so-hidden-messages-in-stanley-kubricks-eyes-wide-shut-pt-iii/#idc-cover

      think4yrself · 101 weeks ago

      Well, you could always sign on with the minions of evil, and go there of your own volition. The Christians are trying to warn people that it is a real place, and people get dragged into it all the time. Why do you think the illuminati set up those portals everywhere? Pentagrams, vesicas, vorteces– they are like interdimensional transportation hubs. The bigger and badder the entity, the bigger the doorway needs to be. (leviathan, anyone?)

      Not only do the demons etc. come through to Here, but they bring Humans back, some willing and some not. It may irritate you, but part of being a follower of Christ is to prevent this from happening, even if we have to nag the rest of you into remembering what behaviors will or won’t get you sucked into literal Hell, if not for eternity, than for what seems to be eternity.

      If you don’t feel the truth in what i say, you can go on youtube or experience project and check out the stories of people who’ve actually been there. They are extremely convincing.

      Reply

      +2 D D d’s avatar
      D D d · 100 weeks ago

      So, do i have a right to nag, too? or will i be condemned and stoned?

      Reply

      +6 Christina’s avatar
      Christina · 100 weeks ago

      Don’t be ridiculous, no one is going to stone you. You have free will. I used to feel the same way. Sometimes Christians can seem judgmental, but the truth is in your own heart. Jesus taught not to be judgmental. You have to accept spiritual truths on your own. No one can force you. I was a pagan who decided to read the bible for myself. Hell is actually a pagan concept (gehenna). I think what people mean to say is that if you want to be close to God, then you do not follow the “demonic” because that will separate you from God and that is the “eternal darkness”. God is in all of us and part of us. My favorite verse is John 17:23.

      Reply

      +6 buddy’s avatar
      buddy · 100 weeks ago

      Hell is a place inside your head, and so is the Promised Land and Heaven btw.
      Reply

    • Since its release in early 2014, the big-budget movie “Noah” has caused controversy for not being biblically accurate. While that is certainly the case, the movie does more than take liberties with the Bible: “Noah” pushes messages that have nothing to do with the Bible. These messages are actually political and come directly from the world elite. The primary message? Humanity needs to be cleansed … again.

      While many viewers were upset about the many liberties taken in this retelling of Noah’s Ark – a tale that exists in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim literature – the messages added to the story should be even more upsetting. Noah re-formats this ancient tale to describe the basic premise of a new religion, one that has been pushed on the masses for years. Based on the elite’s long-term Agenda of drastically depopulating the Earth, this new religion is about radical environmentalism, the devaluation (and even hatred) of human life, and the re-alignment of morality towards a new axis.

      http://vigilantcitizen.com/moviesandtv/noah-biblical-tale-rewritten-push-agenda/

    • if youre signing out from tapblog that’s fine, but at least give henry your email, or let me give henry my email to give to you, then you can email me
      I like conversing with you and your energy, and it would be sad if I never converse with men scyfa again
      I never thought this, but I think maybe I have slight psi abilitiy, to sense, simply with something, I dint know what, but people I get on with, and with incredible minds to interact with
      its said psi hulda clark zappers only a photo or bit of hair made the psi machine work
      This is hard for me to believe, though I want the physics to be true
      However I get inklings in my daily life, and yes, on tapblog comments too, psi quantum entanglement feelings

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